There is a small and mysterious town in central Portugal, famous for the largest church in the country. Today we will tell you about Alcobaca Portugal and where to go, where to stay and much more. Alcobaca is located between Coimbra and Lisbon and can be visited as a day trip or as a city along the route between the two cities. If you love history and architecture, the monasteries of Alcobacas are a must.
Alcobaca is a town and municipality in the central-eastern region of Portugal, 100 km north of Lisbon. It is famous for the monumental monastery of Alcobaca from the 12th century, which was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. The Mosteiro de AlcobACA (Alcobaca monastery) is the largest medieval monastery in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the small town of Alcibaca, not far from Leiria in central Portugal.
The town is dominated by the 800 year-old und austere and atmospheric monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaca, the largest Gothic religious building in Portugal. Like the monasteries of Santa Cruz and Coimbra, the Monastery of Mosteiro de Alicobaca (Alcobaca) was the first Gothic building to be built in the country. It is still the largest church in Portugal with the largest cloister and functions as a state-run museum.
I found the austere and atmospheric 800-year-old monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaca, Portugal’s largest Gothic religious building, more beautiful and captivating than the overcrowded Jeronimos Monastery in Lisbon’s Belem district. According to legend, the monastery and the city are the product of a solemn promise. The monastery of Santa Maria d Alcobaca in Lisbon was founded by King Alfonso I in the 12th century.
The monastery was eloped to the Cistercians in recognition of their support in the conquest of Santarem in 1152, knowing that they would colonize and cultivate the surrounding land. King Afonso Henriques ordered Saint Bernard to build a monastery after the victory over the Moors in 1147.
Mosteiro de Alcobaassa is an imposing and magnificent monastery complex and one of the finest examples of early Gothic architecture in Portugal. Built over a mighty church, it dates back to a time when monks had a hard and difficult vocation, and the monastery reflects this austere and austere life. The church was commissioned in 1153 by King Afonso Henriques to show the power of the new ruling dynasty after the Christian crusade drove the Moors from central Portugal.
The Abbey of Santa Maria was founded in 1153 to commemorate the victory over the Moors and completed in 1223. It is Portugal’s largest church and one of its most outstanding architectural monuments. The construction of the Abbey of Batalha began in 1388 and was added in the following two centuries by various Portuguese kings. A statue of the King of Portugal on tiles from the 18th century, representing the foundation of Alcobaassa.
It is a good idea to combine the small town of Alcobaca with a visit to Batalha, 20 km north. Apart from the outstanding buildings, the city in the centre of the porcelain and pottery industry has little to offer. On the central square, however, there are many shops and factories that welcome visitors.
The monastery of Alcobaca is the next stop on the way and is located in the village of Cos in the same municipality. The village was founded in the 12th century, when it was a place for widows who wanted to live a monastic life. It became a regional community of Cistercian nuns and was rebuilt in its present form in the 16th century.
Of course, the number one monument to visit in Alcobaca is the Alcobaca Monastery. It is one of the most important monasteries in Europe of the monastic age, a centre of religious study and worship, where more than 1,000 monks lived before the dissolution of the monastic order in Portugal in 1834.
The monastery of Alcobaca is a Roman Catholic monastery complex founded by first Portuguese king Afonso Henrique (Afonso I. In 1153. On the crest of a high hill on the outskirts of the city are the ruins of the castle of Alcobacas. During the reign of Queen Mary II in the 1830s, the castle was shut down and dismantled along this route.
In 2011, the commune had 56,593 inhabitants and an area of 40,814 km2 (15,758 km2). The city grows in the valley of the river Alcoa (Baca) from which it derives its name. The village dates back at least to the Moors and Reconquistas of the 12th century, when it was given to the Cistercian order by monks who planted vines on the slopes and sowed the seeds for the local wine industry.
The city became remarkable when the first king of Portugal, Afonso Henrique, decided to build a church in 1147 to commemorate the conquest of Santarem Moor. The church became the Monastery of Alcobaca, one of the most magnificent Gothic monuments in the country.
In Alcobaca, Portugal, summer can be warm, dry and clear, while winter can be cold, wet, windy and cloudy. The best time to visit the city is between April and October, when you have pleasant, if not hot, temperatures and little rainfall.